The measurement of key behavioral science constructs in climate change research.
Roser-Renouf, Connie, & Nisbet, M. C. (2008). The measurement of key behavioral science constructs in climate change research. International Journal of Sustainability Communication, 3(1), 37-95.
AbstractThe growth and integration of social science research on climate change will be
facilitated by careful, consistent measurement of its central constructs. In this paper,
the relevant psycho-social literature is reviewed, with an eye toward enhancing
the quality of measurement. We find that risk perception, a focus of much
climate change research, has multiple dimensions that may drive behavior in different
ways. Values and norms have been assessed by several indices that overlap
conceptually, and study findings could be integrated if these overlaps were clarified
and tested. Climate change knowledge has numerous components, only
some of may be essential in the formation of risk perceptions and behavior. Efficacy
has received little attention by survey researchers, but promises to help explain
behaviors and policy preferences. Climate-relevant behaviors are highly
complex variables that will require further explication before we fully understand
how they may best be measured. Policy preferences have been asked in terms of
trade-offs between action and economic impacts, or in terms of specific regulations
or tax incentives.