Environmental beliefs and endorsement of sustainable development principles in water conservation: Toward a new human interdependence paradigm scale.
Corral-Verdugo, V., Carrus, G., Bonnes, M., Moser, G., & Sinha, J. B. P. (2008). Environmental beliefs and endorsement of sustainable development principles in water conservation: Toward a new human interdependence paradigm scale. Environment and Behavior, 40(5), 703-725. doi:10.1177/0013916507308786
AbstractIt is thought that a dichotomy exists between two apparently contradictory belief systems: the so-called “Human Exception
Paradigm” (HEP)—an anthropocentric belief system—and the “New Environmental Paradigm” (NEP), of ecocentric nature. The aim
of this article was to test the presence of an integrative, nondichotomic, New Human Interdependence Paradigm (NHIP) and its
influence on water conservation practices. The NHIP envisages interdependence between human progress and nature conservation
and conceives it as a dynamic process of integration and incorporation of human needs into natural processes. Seven hundred
and fifty-nine individuals living in cities of France, Italy, Mexico, and India responded to items of a purposively developed
measuring instrument (the NHIP scale), as well to items of the HEP-NEP scale. They also self-reported the frequency of water
conservation actions at their households. The NHIP coherently emerged from its observed indicators and it was a slightly better
predictor of water conservation than the HEP-NEP scale.