A just transition requires giving people a voice in defining what makes a transition just. To accompany the release of a briefing paper by the COP26 Universities network, we share three things we’ve learned from our work of listening to what people say and feel about climate change: the dialogue about just transition must be ongoing, inclusive and authentic.
The COP26 Universities Network (which Climate Outreach is a member of through our role in the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations, CAST) has just released a new briefing titled Just Transition: Pathways to Socially Inclusive Decarbonisation. It argues that a social backlash against decarbonisation is likely if it is not perceived to be just. In order to avoid such a backlash, policymakers need to facilitate broad buy-in for decarbonisation policies by giving people a voice in defining what would make a transition just.
Our experience at Climate Outreach of sitting down and listening to what ordinary people say and feel about climate change suggests there are three features this kind of dialogue must have if it is to succeed in building broad, deep and sustained buy-in for the transition, and for that transition to be aligned with commonly held perceptions of what is just and fair.
An ongoing conversation
Ultimately, the changes under discussion have to happen, and they will involve changes to all our lives. First and foremost, the process of listening to and talking with people should be an ongoing one. Transforming into a low carbon society involves developing strategies to address a broad range of complex issues in the context of rapidly shifting circumstances. To succeed in the long term, these strategies need to engage the wider public and build a social mandate for climate action.
Mitigating emissions and adapting to a rapidly changing world in a just manner will require ongoing deliberations the length and breadth of the country. A one-off deliberation for a small group of people convened in response to a specific event such as the declaration of a climate emergency is a good start, but it can only be a start.
There is an appetite for getting involved in these dialogues. People who take part in discussions about the world they want to live in invariably report enjoying the process. One of the recommendations that often emerges from these events is that there should be more of them, involving more people.
We need to keep ‘talking climate’ not as a means to an end, but as a crucial part of the low carbon transition itself. It is better to think of these conversations as an integral part of the transformation, rather than an activity that simply runs in tandem with an otherwise invisible and distant shift in how energy is generated and how emissions are mitigated. There will be little chance of building deep and sustained engagement if people feel estranged and disconnected from the process.
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